A baby without bile ducts. Then there’s Crohn’s Disease, disfiguring of the lung and Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD).
What is Cirrhosis?
It is a consternation of several liver diseases typified by unusual functioning of the liver. The diseases thus tend to damage and eliminate liver which results in inflammation.The cells which aren't eliminated proliferate so as to make up for the damaged cells.This culminates in clumps of freshly instituted liver cells through which scar tissue is then formed.
Common Causes of Cirrhosis
Talking about the western world alcohol is among the usual causes of cirrhosis.The occurrence of the disease is dependent immensely on the quantity and consistency of the consumption of alcohol.If taken in high quantity it may damage liver cells and may cause diseases like steatosis and hepatitis.
- Cryptogenic cirrhosis
Liver transplantation is highly recommended by hepatologist in such a case. It has the so called name because of the fact that it is caused due to unidentified reasons.
Moreover, hepatologist were unable to explain the reason behind it's development which they now seem to have found out as they say cirrhosis is caused because of perpetuating obesity issues, type 2 diabetes or insulin resistance that cause NASH (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis).
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
It basically alludes to a huge number of liver diseases which tend to range from simple steatosis, to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), to cirrhosis like the alcoholic liver diseases.
There's a common phenomena in all the stages of NAFLD which is the accumulation of fat in liver cells.Although In case of NAFLD the term nonalcoholic is used as it happens to occur usually in individuals whose amount of intake of alcohol is lesser. However talking about the microscopic nature of NAFLD , it is exclusively similar to the other liver diseases caused by alcohol.
- Chronic viral hepatitis
A situation wherein the liver gets affected by Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C virus for a long tenure. However, there are patients with hepatitis who generally won't just develop chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis.A number of them tend to recover in a week or so with the absence of any chronic infection.
Opposed to that, patients with Hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus tend to develop chronic hepatitis,which further results in liver damage and cirrhosis and cancers as well.
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)
It is a kind of disease which occurs unusually and is generally seen in people suffering from the Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. In this, the disease results in the inflammation , narrowing and obstruction of the bile ducts present outside of the liver.
Cirrhosis can be caused due to hindrance in the flow of bile which results in infections and jaundice which in many cases might just cause cirrhosis of the liver.
- Autoimmune hepatitis
It is a disease caused due to an abnormality in the immune system and is generally and usually seen to happen in women.
There is an unusual and abnormal activity in the immune system which is in the autoimmune hepatitis results in huge inflammation and damaging of liver cells which further causes cirrhosis.
- Infants can be born without bile ducts (biliary atresia)
In such a condition they ultimately develop cirrhosis. There are infants which are born without having the essential enzymes which are necessary for controlling sugars which further results in the amassment of sugars resulting in cirrhosis. In a few instances, lack of a particular enzyme may lead to cirrhosis and lung disfiguring(alpha1 antitrypsin deficiency). You can consult some of the best and well known hepatologist for the treatment of all liver related disease at Jaslok Hospitasl and Research Centre, Mumbai.